List of 100 Computer Peripherals – Explained!


In today’s rapidly evolving digital landscape, computer peripherals play an integral role in enhancing our computing experience. These ingenious devices serve as the bridge between our human interactions and the virtual realm, facilitating seamless communication, productivity, and entertainment. From the ubiquitous keyboard and mouse to the cutting-edge virtual reality headsets, the world of computer peripherals is a treasure trove of innovation and possibilities.

In this comprehensive article, we embark on a journey to explore and unravel the realm of computer peripherals. We delve into a diverse assortment of 100 peripherals that have revolutionized the way we interact with our machines. From the everyday essentials to the more specialized tools, each peripheral has its own unique purpose, enriching our digital lives in distinct ways.

Discover the familiar keystrokes and mouse clicks that breathe life into our thoughts and ideas. Uncover the immersive displays that vividly paint a picture of our virtual world. Experience the thrill of capturing and printing memories with cutting-edge scanners and printers. Delve into the realm of high-fidelity sound with audio peripherals that transport us into a realm of musical bliss. And that’s just the beginning.

Throughout this article, we will explore the countless peripherals that have become indispensable companions in our digital journeys. We will uncover their functionalities, discussing how they seamlessly integrate into our workflows, gaming sessions, creative endeavors, and everyday tasks. Whether you are a seasoned tech enthusiast, a creative professional, a gaming aficionado, or a curious individual venturing into the digital realm, this article aims to be your guide in understanding and harnessing the potential of computer peripherals.

So, join us as we embark on this captivating exploration of 100 computer peripherals. From the practical and utilitarian to the imaginative and futuristic, we invite you to delve into this intricate tapestry of devices that shape our modern computing landscape. Let us unlock the possibilities, broaden our horizons, and embrace the power of peripherals that take our digital experiences to new heights.

List of Computer Peripherals

Peripheral Description
1. Keyboard A device used to input text and commands into a computer. It consists of a set of keys, including letters, numbers, and special characters. Pressing the keys sends corresponding signals to the computer.
2. Mouse A handheld pointing device that enables users to move a cursor on the computer screen. It typically has buttons for clicking and scrolling, allowing users to interact with graphical interfaces.
3. Monitor A display device that shows visual output from a computer. It presents images, text, and videos in various resolutions and sizes, allowing users to view and interact with computer-generated content.
4. Printer A peripheral device that produces a physical copy of electronic documents or images. It uses inkjet, laser, or other technologies to transfer digital content onto paper or other printable materials.
5. Scanner A device that captures images or text from physical documents and converts them into digital data. It enables users to create electronic versions of printed materials for storage or editing on a computer.
6. External Hard Drive An additional storage device that connects to a computer via USB or other interfaces. It provides extra space for storing files, documents, and media, and can be easily transported between computers.
7. Webcam A small camera designed to capture video and transmit it in real-time over the internet. It is commonly used for video conferencing, live streaming, or capturing images and videos for social media.
8. Speakers Audio output devices that produce sound from a computer. They can be standalone speakers or integrated into monitors or laptops, allowing users to listen to music, watch videos, or hear system sounds.
9. Headphones A pair of audio devices worn over the ears, providing sound directly to the listener. They allow users to privately listen to music, participate in voice chats, or watch multimedia content without disturbing others.
10. Microphone An input device that converts sound waves into electrical signals, enabling users to record audio or transmit their voice over the internet. It is commonly used for voice calls, voice-overs, or podcasting.
11. USB Flash Drive A portable storage device that uses flash memory to store and transfer data. It is small, lightweight, and easily connects to a computer’s USB port, making it convenient for data backup and transportation.
12. Joystick A hand-operated input device used primarily for gaming. It consists of a stick-like lever that can be moved in different directions, allowing users to control characters or objects within video games.
13. Gamepad A handheld controller with buttons, joysticks, and triggers used to play video games. It provides a more ergonomic and intuitive interface for gaming, typically used with consoles or connected to a computer.
14. Graphics Tablet A flat surface with a stylus or pen-like input device used for digital drawing, painting, or graphic design. It offers precision and pressure sensitivity, allowing artists to create digital artwork.
15. Touchscreen A display that can sense touch inputs, enabling users to interact directly with the screen by tapping, swiping, or pinching. It is commonly found in smartphones, tablets, and all-in-one computers.
16. External DVD Drive An optical disc drive that connects externally to a computer. It allows users to read or write data to CDs or DVDs, making it useful for installing software, watching movies, or creating backups.
17. Card Reader A peripheral device that reads and writes data from memory cards, commonly used in digital cameras, smartphones, or other portable devices. It provides a convenient way to transfer data to a computer.
18. Docking Station A device that connects to a laptop and provides additional ports and functionality. It allows users to connect multiple peripherals, such as monitors, keyboards, and printers, through a single connection.
19. UPS (Uninterruptible Power Supply) A battery backup device that supplies power to a computer or other devices during a power outage. It ensures that critical systems remain operational and allows for a safe shutdown if necessary.
20. Network Adapter A device that enables a computer to connect to a network, either through wired (Ethernet) or wireless (Wi-Fi) connections. It allows for internet access, file sharing, and network communication.
21. External SSD A compact and portable solid-state drive (SSD) that connects to a computer via USB or other interfaces. It offers fast data transfer speeds and provides additional storage space for files and applications.
22. Numeric Keypad A separate input device featuring a set of numeric keys and basic arithmetic functions. It is helpful for data entry, accounting tasks, and spreadsheet calculations, providing a more efficient numerical input method.
23. Barcode Scanner A handheld device that reads barcodes and converts them into digital information. It is commonly used in retail, inventory management, and logistics to quickly and accurately retrieve product details or track items.
24. MIDI Controller An input device used by musicians and producers to control music software and hardware. It features keys, pads, knobs, and sliders, allowing for precise manipulation of sound parameters and triggering of musical elements.
25. Digital Pen A stylus-like input device used to write or draw on compatible digital surfaces, such as graphics tablets or touchscreen devices. It offers pressure sensitivity and palm rejection, simulating the experience of using a traditional pen or pencil.
26. External Sound Card An external audio device that connects to a computer via USB or other interfaces. It enhances audio quality, provides additional audio inputs and outputs, and supports features like surround sound and virtual 3D audio.
27. USB Hub A device that expands a computer’s USB ports, allowing users to connect multiple USB devices simultaneously. It is useful when the number of available USB ports is limited, enabling efficient peripheral connectivity.
28. Bluetooth Adapter A small device that adds Bluetooth connectivity to a computer. It allows wireless connection with Bluetooth-enabled peripherals, such as headphones, speakers, keyboards, or mice, enhancing the computer’s versatility.
29. Portable Projector A compact projector that can be easily carried and set up for presentations, movie nights, or sharing content on a larger screen. It connects to a computer to display images and videos on any suitable surface.
30. External Webcam An external camera designed for high-quality video streaming, video conferencing, or content creation. It offers superior image and video capture capabilities compared to built-in webcams on laptops or monitors.
31. Wireless Mouse A cordless mouse that communicates with a computer using wireless technology, such as Bluetooth or a USB receiver. It provides freedom of movement and eliminates the hassle of tangled cables.
32. Ergonomic Keyboard A keyboard designed with a more comfortable and natural typing experience in mind. It often features a split layout, adjustable angles, and ergonomic key positioning to reduce strain and improve typing posture.
33. Gaming Headset A headset optimized for gaming, featuring high-quality audio output, a built-in microphone, and comfortable ear cushions. It provides immersive sound and clear communication with other gamers during multiplayer sessions.
34. Wi-Fi Range Extender A device that amplifies and extends the range of a wireless network. It helps eliminate dead zones and improves signal strength, ensuring a stable and reliable Wi-Fi connection throughout a larger area.
35. USB-C Docking Station A docking station specifically designed for laptops or devices with USB-C ports. It offers various ports and connectivity options, allowing users to connect multiple peripherals and external displays with ease.
36. Drawing Tablet A digital input device consisting of a flat surface and a stylus. It enables artists and designers to create digital illustrations, sketches, and animations with precise control and pressure sensitivity.
37. Gaming Steering Wheel A specialized controller for racing and driving games. It typically includes a wheel, pedals, and additional buttons, providing a more realistic and immersive experience for racing enthusiasts.
38. Portable Bluetooth Speaker A compact speaker that connects wirelessly to a computer or mobile device via Bluetooth. It allows for easy music playback, audio streaming, or hands-free calling on the go.
39. Wireless Keyboard A keyboard that connects to a computer using wireless technology, eliminating the need for a physical connection. It provides flexibility and convenience, enabling users to type from a distance.
40. Wireless Presenter A handheld device used for delivering presentations. It allows presenters to remotely control slideshows, highlight content, and navigate through presentations with ease, enhancing public speaking engagements.
41. Wireless Charging Pad A charging pad that uses induction technology to wirelessly charge compatible devices, such as smartphones or wireless earbuds. It eliminates the need for cables and provides convenient charging options.
42. External Blu-ray Drive An optical disc drive that reads and writes Blu-ray discs. It allows users to watch high-definition movies, burn data onto Blu-ray discs, or install software from Blu-ray media.
43. USB-C Hub A hub that expands the connectivity options of devices with USB-C ports. It provides additional USB-A ports, HDMI or DisplayPort outputs, SD card readers, and other interfaces, enhancing compatibility and versatility.
44. Foot Pedal A foot-operated input device used for hands-free control of specific functions in applications such as transcription software, music production, or gaming. It provides an alternative input method for increased efficiency and convenience.
45. Biometric Scanner A device that uses biometric identification methods, such as fingerprint, iris, or facial recognition, to authenticate users. It enhances security by providing a unique and personalized access control mechanism.
46. Wireless Adapter A device that enables wireless connectivity for devices that do not have built-in wireless capabilities. It can be used with desktop computers, printers, or other peripherals to connect to a Wi-Fi network.
47. Smart Card Reader A device that reads smart cards, which contain embedded microchips and secure data. It is commonly used for secure authentication, access control, digital signatures, or electronic payment transactions.
48. MIDI Keyboard A musical keyboard controller that connects to a computer or MIDI-compatible devices. It allows musicians and producers to play and control virtual instruments or software synthesizers with a piano-style keyboard interface.
49. External GPU An external graphics processing unit that connects to a computer via Thunderbolt or other high-speed interfaces. It enhances graphics performance, enabling users to run demanding applications or play graphics-intensive games.
50. USB Microscope A digital microscope that connects to a computer via USB. It allows users to magnify and capture images or videos of small objects, making it useful for scientific research, inspection, or educational purposes.
51. Wireless Barcode Scanner A cordless barcode scanner that communicates with a computer or mobile device wirelessly. It provides flexibility and mobility when scanning barcodes, improving efficiency in inventory management or point-of-sale operations.
52. External Video Capture Card A device that captures and digitizes video signals from external sources, such as cameras or game consoles, and transfers them to a computer for recording, streaming, or video editing purposes.
53. Portable Document Scanner A compact and portable scanner designed specifically for digitizing documents on the go. It allows users to scan and save physical documents as digital files, making them easier to store, share, or organize.
54. USB Fan A small fan that connects to a computer’s USB port to provide a cooling breeze. It helps maintain a comfortable working environment, especially during hot weather or in areas with inadequate air circulation.
55. E-book Reader A portable device designed for reading digital books, magazines, or documents. It uses electronic ink technology to provide a paper-like reading experience and offers features such as adjustable font sizes and long battery life.
56. MIDI Drum Pad A percussion controller used by musicians and producers to trigger drum sounds and samples in music production software. It consists of sensitive pads that can be tapped or struck to create rhythmic patterns.
57. Gaming Capture Card A device that captures and records gameplay footage from consoles or PCs. It allows gamers to share their gaming experiences, create gaming content, or stream gameplay on platforms like Twitch or YouTube.
58. Bluetooth Keyboard A wireless keyboard that connects to a computer or mobile device using Bluetooth technology. It provides a cable-free typing experience and is compatible with a wide range of devices, including smartphones and tablets.
59. Document Camera A camera-based device that captures real-time images or videos of documents, objects, or whiteboard content. It is commonly used in classrooms, presentations, or video conferencing for clear visual demonstrations.
60. USB Microphone A high-quality microphone that connects to a computer via USB. It is popular among content creators, podcasters, and musicians for recording vocals, podcasts, voice-overs, or musical performances with ease.
61. Gaming Keypad A specialized gaming input device that features a compact layout with programmable keys, designed for gamers who want quick access to game-specific commands and macros.
62. USB Hub with Ethernet A hub that expands USB connectivity while also providing an Ethernet port for wired network connectivity. It enables users to connect multiple USB devices and enjoy a reliable wired internet connection.
63. Graphics Tablet Pen A stylus or pen designed specifically for use with a graphics tablet. It offers precise control, pressure sensitivity, and customizable buttons, providing a natural and intuitive input method for digital drawing and design.
64. USB Foot Switch A foot-operated switch that connects to a computer via USB. It allows users to trigger specific actions or commands using their feet, providing hands-free control in applications such as transcription, gaming, or accessibility tools.
65. Wireless Presentation Remote A handheld remote control device designed for delivering presentations. It enables presenters to control slideshows, navigate through content, and highlight key points from a distance, enhancing the overall presentation experience.
66. Network Attached Storage (NAS) A storage device connected to a network, typically with multiple hard drives. It provides centralized file storage, backup, and media streaming capabilities, allowing users to access their data from various devices within the network.
67. USB LED Light A small LED light that plugs into a computer’s USB port to provide additional illumination. It is useful for lighting up keyboards, workspaces, or other areas in low-light environments, enhancing visibility and reducing eye strain.
68. MIDI Wind Controller A musical controller that resembles a wind instrument and produces sound based on the user’s breath and finger movements. It is used by musicians and producers to play and control software synthesizers or samplers with expressive capabilities.
69. USB Data Blocker A security device that prevents data transfer when charging a device through an unknown USB port. It ensures data integrity and protection against potential malware or unauthorized access that could occur through untrusted USB connections.
70. Wireless HDMI Transmitter/Receiver A pair of devices that wirelessly transmit audio and video signals from a computer or other source to a display or projector. It eliminates the need for long cables, offering flexibility in setting up multimedia presentations or home theater systems.
71. USB Desk Fan A small fan that sits on a desk and connects to a computer’s USB port for power. It provides a cooling breeze in close proximity, making it suitable for personal use during work or leisure activities.
72. Portable SSD A compact and lightweight solid-state drive (SSD) that offers high-speed data transfer and portable storage. It is ideal for quickly transferring large files, storing backups, or carrying important data between devices.
73. USB-C to HDMI Adapter An adapter that converts USB-C (Thunderbolt 3) ports to HDMI, allowing users to connect their laptops or mobile devices to HDMI-enabled displays or projectors. It enables high-definition video and audio output for presentations or multimedia playback.
74. Wireless Numeric Keypad A wireless keypad that provides numeric input capabilities, typically used for data entry, spreadsheets, or financial applications. It allows users to conveniently input numbers without relying solely on the keyboard’s top row.
75. Digital Audio Converter A device that converts digital audio signals from one format to another. It can convert between different audio formats or adapt signals to connect to devices with different audio interfaces, enhancing audio compatibility and flexibility.
76. Wireless HDMI Kit A kit that includes a transmitter and receiver, allowing users to wirelessly transmit high-definition audio and video signals from a source device to a remote display or TV without the need for cables.
77. MIDI Foot Controller A foot-operated MIDI controller designed for musicians to control various parameters in music production or live performances. It typically features assignable footswitches or expression pedals for controlling MIDI-enabled devices or software.
78. USB-C Multiport Adapter An adapter that extends the capabilities of a USB-C port by providing multiple ports, such as HDMI, USB-A, Ethernet, and SD card slots. It enables users to connect various peripherals and external displays with ease.
79. USB Beverage Warmer A small heating pad that connects to a computer’s USB port, designed to keep beverages warm during work or study sessions. It provides a convenient solution for those who enjoy sipping hot drinks while using their computers.
80. MIDI Breath Controller A specialized MIDI controller that detects breath input, allowing musicians to control parameters such as volume, pitch, or modulation in music production. It offers a unique way to add expressive nuances to performances.
81. USB-C to Ethernet Adapter An adapter that allows devices with USB-C ports to connect to wired Ethernet networks. It provides a reliable and high-speed internet connection, especially when Wi-Fi is unavailable or unreliable.
82. MIDI Guitar Controller A specialized MIDI controller designed to mimic the playing style and techniques of a guitar. It allows guitarists to control MIDI-enabled software synthesizers or samplers, providing a unique interface for music production or performance.
83. USB-C to USB-A Adapter An adapter that converts USB-C ports to USB-A ports, allowing devices with USB-C connectivity to connect to USB-A peripherals. It ensures compatibility with older USB devices or cables that utilize the USB-A standard.
84. USB Vacuum Cleaner A small vacuum cleaner that plugs into a computer’s USB port to clean dust and debris from keyboards, computer vents, or other small spaces. It provides a convenient solution for maintaining cleanliness in workstations.
85. USB MIDI Interface A device that connects musical instruments or MIDI controllers to a computer via USB, enabling communication and data exchange between the instrument and music production software. It allows for MIDI recording, playback, and editing.
86. Wireless Trackball A pointing device that replaces the traditional mouse, featuring a stationary trackball that users manipulate with their fingers. It offers precise cursor control and reduces the need for wrist movement, promoting ergonomic usage.
87. USB Voice Recorder A compact device that records audio and saves it to a USB flash drive. It is commonly used for capturing interviews, lectures, or voice memos, providing a portable and convenient recording solution.
88. USB LED Strip Lights LED light strips that can be powered through a computer’s USB port. They are flexible, adhesive-backed strips that can be used to add ambient lighting to computer setups, displays, or other areas that require decorative lighting.
89. USB Typewriter Keyboard A keyboard that resembles a traditional typewriter but connects to a computer via USB. It combines the nostalgic aesthetic of a typewriter with modern computer functionality, providing a unique typing experience.
90. Portable Wi-Fi Router A compact and portable device that creates a Wi-Fi hotspot, allowing multiple devices to connect to the internet using a single wired or wireless connection. It is useful for travel or situations with limited network access.
91. USB-Powered Monitor A portable monitor that draws power from a computer’s USB port, eliminating the need for an additional power adapter. It provides an additional display for increased productivity or extending the workspace on-the-go.
92. USB-C Flash Drive A flash drive that utilizes the USB-C interface, allowing for fast data transfer between USB-C devices. It offers a convenient and portable storage solution for backing up files or transferring data between devices with USB-C ports.
93. Laptop Cooling Pad A pad with built-in fans that sits underneath a laptop, helping to cool the system by dissipating heat. It improves airflow and reduces the risk of overheating, enhancing the performance and longevity of the laptop.
94. USB Beverage Cooler A small cooling device that connects to a computer’s USB port to keep beverages chilled during work or study sessions. It provides a convenient solution for those who prefer cold drinks while using their computers.
95. USB DJ Controller A specialized MIDI controller designed for DJs and music producers. It allows for intuitive control of DJ software, including features like jog wheels, faders, knobs, and buttons, enabling seamless mixing and audio manipulation.
96. Wireless Presentation Adapter A device that enables wireless screen mirroring and streaming of presentations from a computer or mobile device to a larger display or projector. It allows for more flexible and collaborative presentations in various settings.
97. USB-C Docking Station with Power Delivery A docking station that connects to a laptop via USB-C, providing additional ports for connectivity while delivering power to charge the laptop simultaneously. It simplifies the setup and enhances productivity for laptop users.
98. MIDI Foot Drum Controller A foot-operated MIDI controller designed for drummers and percussionists. It allows for triggering and controlling drum sounds and samples, providing a hands-free and expressive way to create beats and rhythms in music production.
99. Wireless Trackpad A touch-sensitive input device that wirelessly connects to a computer or smart TV. It allows users to control the cursor, navigate menus, and perform gestures using touch-based interactions, similar to a laptop trackpad.
100. USB-C External Monitor Adapter An adapter that enables devices with USB-C ports to connect to external displays or monitors. It provides video output options, such as HDMI or DisplayPort, for extending or mirroring the screen of compatible devices.
By Ephatech

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